使用docker-compose部署LNMP环境

/ 2018-12-29 15:04:00 / 0评 / 0

1、创建相关compose存放目录

< 5 docker-test - [root]: > mkdir -p /apps/compose_lnmp/nginx
< 5 docker-test - [root]: >  cd !$
< 5  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp/nginx >

2、下载nginx软件包,创建dockerfile

< 6  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp/nginx > # wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.14.2.tar.gz

< 7  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp/nginx > # vim Dockerfile

FROM centos:7
MAINTAINER gujiwork
RUN yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ make openssl-devel pcre-devel
ADD nginx-1.14.2.tar.gz /tmp
RUN cd /tmp/nginx-1.14.2 && ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx && make -j 4 && make install
COPY nginx.conf  /usr/local/nginx/conf
EXPOSE 80
WORKDIR /usr/local/nginx
CMD ["./sbin/nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]

3、这里面用到了nginx.conf,放到compose_lnmp/nginx目录下,将 fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000改成php容器名, fastcgi_pass php-cgi:9000;

#user  nginx;
worker_processes  2;
worker_cpu_affinity 0101 1010;
#error_log  logs/error.log;
error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;
#pid        logs/nginx.pid;
events {
   worker_connections  10240;
}
http {
   include       mime.types;
   default_type  application/octet-stream;
   server_tokens off;  
   #log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
   #                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
   #                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
   #access_log  logs/access.log  main;
   sendfile        on;
   tcp_nopush on;
   tcp_nodelay on;
   server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;
   server_names_hash_max_size 512;
   client_header_timeout 15s;
   client_body_timeout 15s;
   send_timeout 60s;
   #tcp_nopush     on;
   #keepalive_timeout  0;
   keepalive_timeout  65;
   #gzip  on;
   server {
       listen       80;
       server_name  localhost;
       #charset koi8-r;
       #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
       location / {
           root   html;
           index  index.html index.htm;
       }
       #error_page  404              /404.html;
       # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
       #
       error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
       location = /50x.html {
           root   html;
       }
       # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
       #
       #location ~ \.php$ {
       #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
       #}
       # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
       #
       location ~ \.php$ {
           root           html;
           fastcgi_pass   php-cgi:9000;
           fastcgi_index  index.php;
           fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
           include        fastcgi_params;
       }
       # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
       # concurs with nginx's one
       #
       #location ~ /\.ht {
       #    deny  all;
       #}
   }
   # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
   #
   #server {
   #    listen       8000;
   #    listen       somename:8080;
   #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;
   #    location / {
   #        root   html;
   #        index  index.html index.htm;
   #    }
   #}
   # HTTPS server
   #
   #server {
   #    listen       443 ssl;
   #    server_name  localhost;
   #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
   #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;
   #    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
   #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;
   #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
   #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;
   #    location / {
   #        root   html;
   #        index  index.html index.htm;
   #    }
   #}
include vhost/*.conf;
}

4、创建mysql目录,数据和配置文件做持久化,这里我们使用mysql官方镜像,因此不需要写dockerfile

< 39 docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # mkdir mysql/{conf,data}

< 39  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # tree  mysql/

mysql/

|-- conf

|   `-- my.cnf

`-- data

< 40  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # cat mysql/conf/my.cnf

[mysqld]
user=mysql
port=3306
datadir=/var/lib/mysql
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.socket
pid-file=/var/run/mysql/mysql.pid
log_error=/var/log/mysql/error.log
character_set_server = utf8
max_connections=3600

5、创建php目录及dockerfile,php.ini主要修改了时区为shanghai

< 49  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # tree  php/

php/

|-- Dockfile
|-- php-5.6.31.tar.gz
`-- php.ini

< 50  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # cat php/Dockfile

FROM centos:7
MAINTAINER gujiwork
RUN yum install -y gcc gcc-c++ gd-devel libxml2-devel libcurl-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel openssl-devel make
ADD php-5.6.31.tar.gz /tmp/
RUN cd /tmp/php-5.6.31 && \
   ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \
   --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
   --with-mysql --with-mysqli \
   --with-openssl --with-zlib --with-curl --with-gd \
   --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-iconv \
   --enable-fpm --enable-zip --enable-mbstring && \
   make -j 4 && make install && \
   cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf && \
   sed -i "s/127.0.0.1/0.0.0.0/" /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf && \
   cp ./sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm && \
   chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm

COPY php.ini /usr/local/php/etc
EXPOSE 9000
CMD /etc/init.d/php-fpm start && tail -F /var/log/messages

6、创建docker-compose维护文件

< 53  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # cat docker-compose.yml

version: '3'
services:
 nginx:
   hostname: nginx
   build:
     context: ./nginx
     dockerfile: Dockerfile

   ports:
     - 80:80
   links:
     - php:php-cgi
   volumes:
     - ./wwwroot:/usr/local/nginx/html


 php:
   hostname: php
   build: ./php
   links:
     - mysql:mysql-db
   volumes:
     - ./wwwroot:/usr/local/nginx/html

 mysql:
   hostname: mysql
   image: mysql:5.6
   ports:
     - 3306:3306
   volumes:
     - ./mysql/conf:/etc/mysql/conf.d
     - ./mysql/data:/var/lib/mysql

   #command: --character-set-server=utf8

   environment:
     MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: 123456
     MYSQL_DATABASE: wordpress
     MYSQL_USER: user
     MYSQL_PASSWORD: user123

7、创建web挂载目录,整体目录结构如下

< 56  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # tree .
.
|-- docker-compose.yml
|-- mysql
|   |-- conf
|   |   `-- my.cnf
|   `-- data
|-- nginx
|   |-- Dockerfile
|   |-- nginx-1.14.2.tar.gz
|   `-- nginx.conf
|-- php
|   |-- Dockfile
|   |-- php-5.6.31.tar.gz
|   `-- php.ini
`-- wwwroot


6 directories, 8 files

8、执行build构建镜像

< 81  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # docker-compose  build

9、出现success表示构建成功

make[1]: Leaving directory `/tmp/nginx-1.14.2'
Removing intermediate container b7fb79c4671e
---> b756345aac5b
Step 6/9 : COPY nginx.conf /usr/local/nginx/conf
---> cb180351db65
Step 7/9 : EXPOSE 80
---> Running in 20805a3b58a5
Removing intermediate container 20805a3b58a5
---> 9f75c3834969
Step 8/9 : WORKDIR /usr/local/nginx
---> Running in 6abf5341ee7b
Removing intermediate container 6abf5341ee7b
---> 0cb88354c8b8
Step 9/9 : CMD ["./sbin/nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]
---> Running in a2db489f2b5b
Removing intermediate container a2db489f2b5b
---> 76ae0759f3b1
Successfully built 76ae0759f3b1
Successfully tagged compose_lnmp_nginx:latest

10、启动服务测试

< 82  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp > # docker-compose  up -d

Creating network "compose_lnmp_default" with the default driver
Pulling mysql (mysql:5.6)...
5.6: Pulling from library/mysql
177e7ef0df69: Pull complete
cac25352c4c8: Pull complete
8585afabb40a: Pull complete
1e4af4996053: Pull complete
c326522894da: Pull complete
50ec9776c6b3: Pull complete
b81a89945365: Pull complete
80f5ab6567ca: Pull complete
5caf5e4c5eb0: Pull complete
9295ceea71e2: Pull complete
fb029976ca26: Pull complete
Creating compose_lnmp_mysql_1_32333e982f89 ... done
Creating compose_lnmp_php_1_856b9f701287   ... done
Creating compose_lnmp_nginx_1_c5360c9dc627 ... done



< 144  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp/wwwroot > # echo "111" >index.html


#测试

< 144  docker-test - [root]: /apps/compose_lnmp/wwwroot > # curl localhost/

111

 

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